Community Trigger

Deterring & Preventing Crime

Deterrence and Prevention – Accountable persons: Dawn Roberts (Youth Offending Service) & Jane Connelly (Staffordshire & West Midlands Community Rehabilitation Company)

Diverting those who have committed crimes away from re-offending achieves large reductions in the harms suffered by the community, gives offenders better prospects and lessens the financial burden on law

enforcement and partner agencies. The responsibility to prioritise the reduction in reoffending is a statutory one for the BCSP.
The BCSP supports the vision of strategic partners in reducing demand for services through early intervention and shifting focus from crisis management to upstream prevention by addressing the causes of offending.

Key Outcomes:

- Interventions at the earliest presented opportunity to prevent young people in Birmingham adopting a life of crime.
- A CSP that contributes to the reduction of the drivers of offending, such as substance dependence and poor mental health. - A reduction in new offenders in Birmingham.

- A continuous and sustainable reduction in reoffending amongst Birmingham’s Priority and Prolific Offenders (PPO) with a particular focus on violence.





Collaboration of partners aligned to the objective of reducing youth offending and youth re- offending in the city.

The BCSP will map and support services which deliver evidence-led interventions and programmes designed to:

  • -  Reduce youth reoffending in those already within the youth justice system.

  • -  Address vulnerabilities in children and young people on the cusp of criminality or otherwise at risk, including their family environment. This will include children displaying sexually harmful behaviours and the associated risks of becoming a victim or offender of Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) and Sextortion.

Key Outputs

  1. a)  Identify early youth interventions that reduce vulnerabilities and risk factors both within existing offending cohorts and those at risk of offending, including the joint areas for action within the most recent Birmingham Youth Justice Strategic Plan. Those with additional Social, Emotional, and Mental Health (SEMH) needs and Looked After Children (LAC) are cohorts of particular concern. Consider commissioning identified programmes where suitable.

  2. b)  Commission Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) awareness programmes to train:

  • -  1,500 frontline neighbourhood police officers.

  • -  Representatives from those schools as having the largest concentrations of children with multiple ACEs.

    Appropriate schools to be identified through BCC School Safeguarding team.

c) CSP to support the Pathfinder work currently being undertaken by BCC re: SEMH.

  1. d)  Assist in delivery of Birmingham Safeguarding Children Board’s Multi-Agency CSE Framework & Strategy.

  2. e)  Identify effective school-level inputs around CSE and Sextortion and deliver to priority schools in Birmingham. Consider commissioning.

  3. f)  Identify how the CSP can aid in the four key recommendations from Barnardos’ Puppet on a String report. Consider commissioning interventions.

  4. g)  Work with Integrated Offender Management (IOM) Board to ensure that CSE offender cohorts are complete.

  5. h)  Support the commissioning, development and delivery of activities that are proven to be effective at engaging those at risk of CSE and reducing their likelihood of becoming a victim, particularly within LAC.

  6. i)  Develop strategic links and support cross-cutting work around youth employment, particularly around target cohorts. Relevant partners include the Birmingham Youth Partnership, Employment & Skills Board, and the Youth Promise Steering Group.


  • -  Completion of outputs DP1(a-i)

  • -  Increased proportion of Birmingham’s schools that are ACE aware (survey of Police & Schools Panels


  • -  Reduction in youth re-offending (local and national)

  • -  Reduction in youth first time entrants (FTEs) (local and national)

  • -  (suitable measures from “Birmingham’s Ambitions for Children and Young People 2016-2020”)

  • -  Reduction in offending in MOJ Lab tracked youth offenders receiving BCSP commissioned interventions

  • -  Increased child safeguarding referrals

  • -  Reduction in re-referrals into Sexually Harmful Behaviours team

  • -  Improvement in distance travelled in impact measures for clients using Sexually Harmful Behaviours team

  • -  Reduction in youth ASB offenders progressing to criminal offenders (based on Acceptable Behaviour Contracts).

  • -  Increased identified children at risk of CSE (BSCB Quarterly updates)

  • -  Decreased risk in children identified as at risk of CSE (BSCB Quarterly updates)

  • -  Increased identified children at risk of CSE (BSCB quarterly statistics)

  • -  Decreased risk level of those identified at risk of CSE (BSCB quarterly statistics)

  • -  (other measures tbc)


Support partners within the regional Integrated Offender Management (IOM) framework

The IOM Board meets quarterly and assesses its own progress against the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) practice guidance through an action plan.

The BCSP will support the IOM board in ensuring progress against its action plan and where suitable, look to commission services to close gaps in provision.

Following the CSP funded trial of GPS Tagging in Birmingham, the partnership will understand what role it can play in the wider, government funded, pilot into the technology in the West Midlands Police area.

Key Outputs

  1. a)  BCSP attendance at quarterly IOM Board

  2. b)  Completion of BCSP actions from IOM Board action plan, including commissioning for identified gaps in


  3. c)  BCSP to liaise with WMP lead for GPS Tagging pilot.


  • -  Completion of outputs DP2(a-c)

  • -  RAG status of requests for BCSP help in IOM Action Plan

  • -  Reduction in offenders who re-offend

  • -  Reduction in re-offences per re-offender

  • -  (other measures tbc)


Collaboration of partners aligned to the objective of reducing gang violence within the city.

The BCSP will map and support services which deliver evidence-led interventions and programmes designed to:

  • -  Maintain control over gang-related violence, particularly involving guns and knives (cross-over with DP4).

  • -  Understand and address the root causes of gang violence in Birmingham.

  • -  Build intelligence around those engaged in gang violence.

  • - Help partners understand the needs and vulnerabilities of victims and potential victims of gang violence.

Key Outputs

  1. a)  Work with IOM board to ensure that gang violence IOM cohorts are complete.

  2. b)  Identify how the CSP can assist the WMVPA in tackling the gang violence in the city and otherwise monitor WMVPA interventions to ensure continued relevance to CSP priorities.

  3. c)  Identify how the CSP can assist the OPCC in delivering their Commission on Gangs and Violence and otherwise monitor OPCC interventions to ensure continued relevance to CSP priorities.


  • -  Reduction/control in violent offending levels in Multi Agency Gang Unit (MAGU) gang violence cohorts selected using the Ministry of Justice Data Lab

  • -  Reduction in hospital attendances following assault with a firearm (Hospital Episode Statistics – HES).

  • -  Reduction in hospital attendances following assault with a knife (HES).

  • -  (other measures tbc)


Collaboration of partners protecting young people from victimisation from, and involvement in, violent crime.

The BCSP will understand which agencies are involved in preventing young people in the city from carrying knives or becoming involved with Youth Violence.

Key Outputs

  1. a)  Support the commissioning of programmes/projects and activities for young people that are proven to reduce the likelihood of them becoming involved in youth violence and carrying knives. This will involve identifying priority cohorts and geographies and locating the provision in areas that target cohorts can access.

  2. b)  Clarify the current position of research and services in the city that address the motivation for young people to carry knives and what interventions the CSP can undertake to address this.

  3. c)  Support the commissioning and/or development of activity that ensures children and young people can travel safely to and from school, employment or in their communities.

  4. d)  Develop effective communications strategy to manage community tensions following youth violence incidents.

  5. e)  Identify what contribution the CSP can make towards the WMPVA around youth violence following the completion of the Birmingham profile by Public Health.

  6. f)  Support Police and Schools Panels to engage education partners in prevention and early intervention work that prevents youth violence or the prevalence of young people carrying knives.


  • -  Decreased youth (10-17) violence victims per capita.

  • -  Decreased youth violence offenders per capita.

  • -  Reduction in severity of offences committed by young people.

  • -  Increased reporting from schools finding knives on pupils to police.

  • -  Reduction in knives found during school knife arch operations

  • -  Increased referrals into suitable interventions for young people found carrying knives.

  • -  Decreased substantive outcomes linked to knife related offences (indicative of reduction in knife offences)

  • -  Improved attitudinal scores for individuals referred into interventions ‘distance travelled’ (see Street Doctors surveys as an example)

  • -  (other measures tbc)


Support the development of an Integrated Domestic Abuser Management Framework

The BCSP will collate evidence and harness multi-agency support for WMP domestic abuse offender management programme designed to achieve harm reduction in domestic abuse.

Key Outputs

a) Develop a co-ordinated menu of multi-agency contributions to domestic abuser and offender management programmes.

b) Contribute to the development of perpetrator programmes.

c) On behalf of the OPCC, maintain an overview of the outcomes from the WMP Domestic Abuse Offender Management Programme.


  • -  Reduction in serial domestic abuse offending.

  • -  Reduction in repeat domestic abuse offending (same victim).

  • -  Reduction in high risk domestic abuse offending.

  • -  Improvements in attitudinal scores for offenders ‘distance travelled’.

  • -  (measures from WMP Perpetrator Programme)

  • -  (other measures tbc)